Tribology describes the overall system of friction, wear and lubrication in component surfaces interacting with each other under force in a state of relative movement. However, a tribological system is not only described in terms of components, lubrication, friction and wear. Substances surrounding the system, such as air and dust, as well as abrasion, normal force, relative speed, the form of movement, temperature and time of use, also play an important role in determining and optimising the friction processes. The aim is to minimise the wear caused by friction and the associated abrasion. The most important factor here is the coefficient of friction. This can be greatly influenced, as early on as in the selection of the right materials, their manufacturing processes and appropriate lubrication.

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